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Glass History
- Feb 08, 2018 -

The world's earliest glass maker for the ancient Egyptians. The appearance and use of glass have been in the human life for more than four thousand years. From the remains of Mesopotamia 4000 years ago and the remains of ancient Egypt, glass beads were unearthed.

In the 12th century AD, commercial glass appeared and began to become an industrial material. In the eighteenth century, optical glass was made to meet the needs of telescopes. In 1874, Belgium first made flat glass. In 1906, the United States made flat glass lead machine, then, with the industrialization and scale of glass production, a variety of uses and various properties of the glass come out one after another. Modern, glass has become an important material in daily life, production and science and technology.

More than 3,000 years ago, a European Phoenician merchant ship loaded with crystalline mineral "natural soda" sailed on the Beluce River off the Mediterranean coast. As the sea ebb, merchant ships stranded, so the crew have boarded the beach. Some seafarers also carried cauldrons, moved firewood, and used a few "natural soda" brackets to start cooking on the beach.

After the crew had finished their meals, the tide began to rise. When they were ready to pick it up and continue their voyage on board the ship, someone suddenly shouted: "Come and see, there are some bright, glittering things on the sand below the pot!

The crew brought these shimmering things to the boat and studied them carefully. They found that some of these shiny crystals stuck with quartz sand and melted natural soda. Originally, these glittering things were the natural soda they used to make the pot during cooking, and the material that was produced by the reaction of the flame with the quartz sand on the beach, which was the earliest glass. Later, the Phoenicians combined quartz sand with natural soda and melted in a special stove to make glass balls, which made the Phoenicians make a fortune.

About the fourth century, the ancient Romans began to use glass on windows and doors, and by 1291 Italy's glassmaking technology was well developed.

In this way, the Italian glass craftsmen were sent to an isolated island to produce glass, and they were not allowed to leave the island during their lifetime.

In 1688, a man named Naf invented the process of making large pieces of glass, from which time the glass became an ordinary item.

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